2023 Acknowledgements

This year’s issue of Past and Present sees our second print edition since the interruption of the pandemic, and hopefully signals a true return to normalcy moving forward. This year’s issue again showcases the editors’ creative vision as well as their editing acumen, and I take great pride in the student editors and all the departmental students whose work contributed to it. As always, this year’s Past and Present highlights the stellar scholarship produced by our students, in a publication unique at York College. I am indebted to all of my departmental faculty colleagues who have mentored students in the research projects that were submitted for consideration, whether or not the papers ultimately were accepted for publication; faculty devotion to nurturing students at every step of the research process has direct bearing on the quality of the final projects. I am also grateful to all of our department’s students for providing their scholarship, which serves as a foundation for the journal. I have been blessed to work with four outstanding student editors, all of whom have been an absolute joy to work with, and I deeply appreciate their unceasing hard work, devotion, and care with which they approached this endeavor. Lastly, I must thank Karen Rice-Young, Archivist at the Schmidt Library, for her assistance provided to the editors as they sought appropriate images to match their vision for this year’s cover art, which they describe in their explanation of the journal’s cover design. After difficult deliberations, the editors have selected seven exceptional manuscripts that reflect the broad research interests and high quality of scholarship of our department’s students, and have spent many hours reading and preparing the manuscripts for publication. I know they join me in expressing sincere joy at unveiling the latest issue of Past and Present.

-Ilana Krug, Past and Present faculty advisor

The Past and Present Journal is published annually by the Department of History and Political Science at York College of Pennsylvania.

Department of History and Political Science Faculty and Staff:

Corey Brooks, chair                                                                  Padraic Kennedy

Deb Staley, Administrative Assistant                                          Ilana Krug

Julio Javier Aguayo                                                                   Xiaofei Li

John Altman                                                                             Kay McAdams

Nicholas Anspach                                                                     Sung-Wook Paik

Jacqueline Beatty                                                                      Jennifer Pomeroy

Paul Doutrich, Emeritus                                                            Kwasi Sarfo

David Fyfe                                                                                Robert Terry, Emeritus

Mary Graham, Emerita                                                              John Weaver

Greg Kaliss                                                                              

Copying by Rosanna Wood and Mildred Martin, York College Academic Printing Services

Binding services performed by Wolf Printing, York, PA